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North West India first week of 2023 surrounded by fog and cold water…

Cold wave in the first week of 2023: With the start of the new year, cold snap conditions have returned across much of northwestern India. The Meteorological Department forecast heavy fog in Uttarakhand, Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh over the next three days. The weather bureau said isolated parts of Uttarakhand, Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Uttar Pradesh and West Madhya Pradesh are likely to experience cold conditions over the next two days. Due to the light winds and high humidity near the surface on the Indo-Gangetic plains, fog is common at this time of year because in cold winter conditions, moisture condenses to form airborne liquid droplets that form fog.

The India Meteorological Department said that due to north-westerly winds coming from the Himalayas in the north-west plains of India, the minimum temperature in north-west and contiguous central India is likely to drop by two to four degrees Celsius over the next two days. Under its influence, cold snap to severe cold snap conditions are likely to prevail in northern parts of Rajasthan through Tuesday. There was some relief from the cold snap conditions in and around Delhi last week.

The Department of Meteorology had this to say about the cold
Winter has been relatively mild in most of North India except for the second half of December, while cold snap and dense fog conditions were observed in North and North-West India. The weather bureau attributed the low cold conditions in northern India to a lack of strong western disturbances or extratropical weather systems, which brought rain to the plains and snowfall at higher altitudes. There were seven western riots this December, of which six were weak in India and only one (28-30 December) was strong. The recent extratropical weather system brought the first snowfall and rain of the season to the highest reaches of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand over the past three days.

Forecast of the Meteorological Department about the rain
The meteorological bureau has forecast 86 percent poor rainfall over the Long Period Average (LPA) of North West India between January and March. The LPA of rainfall over northwestern India for January-February-March is about 184.3mm. IMD CEO Mrityunjay Mohapatra said on Saturday (31 December 2022): “If there is a sign of less rain, it means that western disturbance activity is likely to subside. When westerly disturbances are minor, northwesterly winds can blow in some parts of northwestern India.

He said minimum and maximum temperatures may remain low in Madhya Pradesh, southern Uttar Pradesh, eastern Rajasthan and surrounding areas. Mohapatra said: “The temperature will be normal in Haryana and Punjab and may be above normal in higher areas like Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir.”

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