datta jadhav, Democracy
Fist The area of sorghum, millet, sorghum and many other nutritious grains is declining and it is feared that in the next five to ten years, grains will be extinct in the state.
Considering the decreasing area of cultivation of nutritious cereals like Bajra, Sorghum, Nachani, Kodo, Kutki, Rala, Varai, it should come as no surprise that he is expelled from the state. The area planted with cereals has decreased by 47% compared to 2010-11. Vikas Patil, Director, Extension and Training, Department of Agriculture, said the area cultivated with kharif sorghum in the state was 10 lakh hectares in 2010-11, now it has dropped to 2 lakh hectares. The rabi sorghum area has been reduced from 30 lakh hectares to 13 lakh hectares. The area under bajra has been reduced from ten lakh hectares to five lakh hectares. The Nachani area has dropped from 100,000 hectares to 75,000 hectares. Along with this, there has been a large drop in the Rala and Varai area. With the exception of sorghum and millet, all cereals grown in the state today are grown in the tribal belt and the Sahyadri Hills. The existing sector is also in trouble now.
To satisfy the appetite of a rapidly growing population, the government has focused on growing wheat and rice, which produce maximum yields from a food security point of view. Fruit and cash crops increased where irrigation facilities increased. Changing lifestyles led to the fast food era. As a result, farmers, scientists, and even the government have neglected healthy, nutritious grains. Now that health problems are on the rise as a result of changing lifestyles, everyone’s attention is once again focused on cereals.
International Year of Cereals
The United Nations has declared 2023 as the World Year of Cereals, raising awareness of cereals and their nutritional value around the world. But unless the grain value chain develops and productive farmers reap its economic benefits, grain acreage will not increase. Cereals are said to be an alternative if you want to combat diseases caused by urban lifestyles such as diabetes, high blood pressure and obesity. The cultivation of cereals is rapidly declining due to the combined effect of the government, the negligence of the crop by agronomists, the greater tendency of farmers towards money and fruits, and the importance of fast food due to the stressful lifestyle .
Why did this happened??
The importance of fast food due to the stressful urban lifestyle, the abandonment of cultivation by the government and agronomists, the increase in cash flow and the inclination of farmers towards fruits have combined to hinder the cultivation of cereals .
The Department of Agriculture is making efforts to increase the area and productivity of cereals. The guaranteed price of cereals is also increased. Farmers are being provided with scientific training on cereal seeds and cultivation on the basis of subsidies. The value of cereals is being enhanced through schemes such as the Prime Minister’s Food Micro-Processing Industry, said Vikas Patil, Director, Extension and Training Division of the Department of Agriculture.
It is proposed to establish a Center of Excellence at Solapur for general cereal development through the Indian Millet Research Institute, Hyderabad.
– Vikas Patil, Director, extension and training, Agriculture department