Dr. Manish Bhandare
Stomach cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer in the world. Today, cancer is more common in Asia than in the United States or Europe. However, it is lower in India than in the West.
In India, 34,000 patients are diagnosed with gastric cancer each year. The males constitute twice as many as the females. Gastric or peptic ulcer: It is the most common type of gastric cancer. It is the most common type of gastric cancer. Although distal cancer is more common, the incidence of proximal cancer is increasing. Despite having the same organ component, the causality, treatment methods, and survival of the two (proximal and distal cancers) are different.
The chances of developing gastric cancer may be due to the following reasons.
1) Bacterial infections – H. pyloric infection
2) Related to lifestyle: high consumption of pickles, salty or preserved foods and low consumption of fruits and vegetables.
3) State of overweight and obesity.
4) Addiction: Tobacco, alcohol
5) Premalignant condition: gastric adenomas or dysplasia and chronic atrophic gastritis.
Symptoms that indicate gastric cancer are usually non-specific, but include the following.
- indigestion, ‘pain,
- Vomiting, hematemesis/melena,
- tumor in the abdomen,
It is considered worrying that these symptoms last more than two or three weeks and it is very important that it is diagnosed by a specialist. When stomach cancer is suspected, experts may ask you to take some tests that will diagnose and clarify the stage of the cancer.
Various tests may be required, including endoscopy and biopsy, CT scan, and laparoscopy. The treatment of gastric cancer requires a multidisciplinary team of specialists. Presumably, these cancer patients are treated in the first three stages with the goal of completely curing the disease. This treatment often involves surgery and chemotherapy. Sometimes radiation therapy is also required. Patients with stage IV cancer are treated with palliative chemotherapy intended to control symptoms and prolong life. But the chances of the cancer reaching twelve are rare at this stage. If diagnosed at an early stage, with proper treatment, the stomach cancer patient can be completely cured.
Compilation: Dr. Shailesh Shrikhande