Leukemia is a type of cancer that affects white blood cells. Each year more than 60,000 people get leukemia. The risk of developing leukemia increases with age, but it can develop in people younger than 20 years. In fact, leukemia is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow. Cancer can occur anywhere, but leukemia develops when there is rapid, abnormal growth of leukemia cells in the bone marrow. They soon outnumbered other normal blood cells in the bone marrow.
As a result, the leukemia cells interfere with the release of normal blood cells into the bloodstream. This reduces the oxygen supply to various organs and tissues. All of these conditions can lead to infections and blood clots in the body. Leukemia can include fatigue, weight loss, recurrent infections, weakness, fever or chills, bone pain, and bleeding.
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The special thing is that you can never know how leukemia occurs, because there is no exact cause. However, scientists have discovered some of its risk factors. On World Blood Cancer Day, we’ll learn about the eight types of people who are most at risk of leukemia.
- By the way, leukemia or leukemia can happen to anyone. But it is more common in men than in women.
- If you are a person undergoing chemotherapy and radiation therapy, you are at increased risk of certain types of leukemia.
- Prolonged contact with an electrical line or tower can increase a person’s risk of developing acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
- Smoking does not directly cause leukemia, but regular smokers are at increased risk of developing acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
- The risk of most leukemias increases with age. Patients with acute myeloid leukemia and chronic lymphocytic leukemia are 65 years of age or older. However, most cases of acute myeloid leukemia occur in people younger than 20 years of age.
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- If a person comes into contact with a chemical like benzene found in gasoline, they can get leukemia.
- Genetic abnormalities play a role in the development of leukemia. Some genetic disorders, such as Down syndrome, are associated with an increased risk of leukemia.
- Most leukemias have no family connection. However, if you are the first relative of a patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or identical twins, that person is at increased risk of developing leukemia.
Leukemia is a type of cancer that affects the blood-forming cells in the bone marrow. Although there is no definitive way to prevent this, making some lifestyle changes and following healthy habits can help reduce the risk of cancer. To prevent this terrible disease, experts advise people not to smoke, maintain a healthy body weight, and stay physically active.
(Information provided here is based on assumptions and general information. Consult an expert for more information.)
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