Wheat exports in Germany have been declining, but the country’s wheat supply is declining. However, was the Prime Minister misled in this matter?
Not even a week before Prime Minister Narendra Modi slammed the Indian community in Germany for saying “India is the lifeblood of the world”, the Indian government’s sudden decision to ban wheat exports came as no surprise. This is not only a government blunder but also a procedural error in this regard. In fact, while the Prime Minister was making this argument in front of the happy Indians in Germany; Earlier, Commerce Minister Piyush Goel had made similar arguments about India’s food power last month, but some intellectuals, news agencies and others elaborated on how India was moving towards a wheat export ban. It was not uncommon for the media at the time to dismiss it as a fiction, and that neglect reached a global level after the Prime Minister said internationally that ‘India is the food supplier to the world’. The Prime Minister himself questioned how Indian farmers were willing to work tirelessly to sell wheat to the world when big countries were concerned about global food security. Food Supply Secretary Sudhanshu Pandey has officially denied the news of the wheat export ban. With this in mind, many countries from Egypt to Turkey have demanded wheat from India and many other countries are also buying wheat from India. Now abrupt export ban. All these events in the last fortnight. Seeing this, the government says that wheat warehouses are overflowing, and the question arises as to whether there should be a sudden ban on wheat exports.
The answer lies in the central government policy itself. However, there is more in the ‘Prime Minister Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana’. To get there one must first look at Indian wheat production, global demand and current global warming. This is necessary as India is not a major exporter of wheat. Demand for our wheat has suddenly increased due to the war between Russia and Ukraine. Ukraine is a major wheat exporter. But the war has affected the country’s crops this year. The fact is that this happens mostly to school level intellectuals as well. You do not need to study international diplomacy or make friends with world leaders to understand it. Due to this situation in Ukraine, the demand for Indian wheat has increased sharply. The student who came first in the class with 90-95 percent marks gets 60-65 percent because he did not write the exam due to illness. At such a time, this 60-65 percent person does not want to consider himself a pioneer. In the absence of this common sense, you have realized that you are the supplier of wheat to the world. Until the Ukraine War, India’s share of the world wheat market was only one percent. Due to the war it rose to 13 percent. After that, Turkey demanded 50,000 tonnes of wheat from India, while Egypt demanded 1 million tonnes. However, this place number two cannot be ignored.
However, many agronomists warn that wheat production will decline this year due to rising demand for wheat in India. This is due to the current terrible temperature rise. This climate change will significantly reduce wheat yield per acre, which is as true as the scorching sun. At the same time, we have ignored this fact and boasted about how India is becoming a global wheat supplier. But this fact finally came to light and it was time to ban wheat exports. The reduction in purchases made by the Government of India at guaranteed prices (for cheap food outlets) due to rising temperatures is a statistical discovery of this fact! The first indication of this was seen in the wheat cuts given by the Center to the States. Earlier in the day, wheat procurement from the central government’s food supply department was significantly reduced. She had previously promised the government to buy 494 tonnes of wheat. This target was reduced to 198.12 tonnes only. Thereafter, on May 4, such an order was issued reducing the share of wheat given under the ‘Prime Minister’s Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana’. States were told to give rice instead of wheat. While the language of wheat exports is used in Germany, the wheat supply in the country is actually declining. The question is whether the Prime Minister himself was misled in this matter.
The second paradox is that government wheat procurement has declined significantly due to low wheat yields, while private wheat sellers are exporting large quantities of wheat using international conditions. Another implication is that private traders have more accurate market expectations than the government. As usual. That means the government is no party. Although it has always been business. Thus the change that agriculture has actually brought about due to political changes is null. No matter how many claims, no matter how much international boasting, the time will soon come when the government will impose a ban on exports; Hence traders are likely to think that it is better to be as white as possible. Can’t blame them for that. Because they are finally traders! Their sole purpose is to make a profit. But what about a system called government? If wheat prices per acre are falling, global warming is unlikely, government wheat purchases are slowing and the world is still being touted as a supplier of wheat, who is to blame? This is the fact behind the wheat export ban. Now some key questions based on this fact.
Farmers are likely to earn four paise only when production in the market increases. But what if the government bans exports at a time when there is such a demand? On this, some pro-government activists are making arguments like ‘international situation, interests of Indian consumers’. Strictly speaking, the question remains as to whether the international situation is any different when it comes to being a global food provider. Second, if it is true that there is an Indian advantage behind the export ban, then the question arises as to whether the farmers are Indian or not. These two questions cannot be answered. Basically, given the reality of Indian needs, what is the need to transform the world into a food provider? Calling itself a global vaccine supplier and banning vaccine-exports, wheat supply and exports. It conveys the poverty of those who claim to be donors. It may have been avoided.