The tax collection for the current financial year is estimated at Rs 2 lakh crore. In such a situation, there is little scope for Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman to give any good news on the tax front. Disinvestment target is also not met.
- Income and corporate tax collection may be reduced by Rs 1.5 lakh crore for FY 2019-20
- 50,000 crore may be less than indirect tax collection target
- In September 2019, Finance Minister Nirmala announced a major cut in the corporate tax rate to speed up the economy.
- Taxpayers are expecting a cut in personal income tax since then
For the first time in 28 years, such a huge reduction in corporate tax was made and the deduction of this 10% increased the burden on the exchequer by Rs 1.45 lakh crore.
Headline: Next step ..
Hirabai Barodekar sang in public a hundred years ago. Phule inspired women’s education. But how much did society work together for women’s rights?
There are laws but to no avail.
The fact that a woman who was forcibly killed by the death of her husband is not living smoothly after death is a fact that is still seen in many sections of the society today. The freedom she enjoys as a husband is automatically deprived of her desire to live, as well as the behavior of other sections of society. Despite efforts to legislate to treat widows with dignity, no progress has been made in rural areas. Therefore, the recent initiative of Herwad Gram Panchayat in Kolhapur district to look after widows with dignity is significant. In the last century, Mahatma Jotiba Phule undertook a very difficult task of bringing widows suffering from the most backward practices of the Middle Ages into the mainstream of society. After that Maharshi Dhondo Keshav Karve also continued with effort. However, after a man died, his wife bracelets, forehead wipes and saffron sesame were still popular. The Herwad gram panchayat is to be congratulated as these efforts need to take place at the collective level. As the Maharashtra government decides to follow the same ideology across the state, it is clear that the same challenges are looming in the middle of the 21st century.
The court had earlier warned that a woman who had lost her husband should not be called a ‘widow’. Divorce or divorce does not make a woman a widow. Even so, owning one is still beyond the reach of the average person. He understood the importance of education for women in order to suppress opposition to the school started by Mahatma Phule. The aristocracy they adopted by adopting an abandoned son is a testament to their ideological superiority. The practice of sati, in which a man jumps on a leopard after his husband dies and burns himself, symbolizes cruelty and cruelty. The movement was started by Raja Rammohan Roy, a Bengali thinker and socialist, to stop this practice. At that time, as India was a British state, the government enacted a law banning the practice of sati to respond patiently to the unrest in Kolkata. However, the question is not completely resolved. Because the girl, who became a widow as a child, had to spend the rest of her life in the prison of the eyes of the men around her. For this, Mahatma Phule chose the path of teaching women. However, he gradually made a big impact. However, women in rural areas do not have complete freedom compared to women in urban areas.
Sarpanch Surgonda Patil went to the house of a man belonging to the Charmakar sect in the village of Herwad and consoled him and begged him to keep his wife away from the widows. With the support of the community leaders, it was decided to ban widow marriage throughout the village. Although this phenomenon is not known to anyone in the cities, the rural reality in this country remains the same today, a fact that came to light on this occasion. In the ‘Darpan’ magazine started by Balashastri Jambhekar, a thinker from Maharashtra, ‘If we do not make women wise in our country, we will remain fools. Because the first thing a woman has to do is raise children. This idea was revolutionary in the social conditions of the day.
Women, who make up almost 50 percent of the population, should not be given due respect, a masculine motto born in the Middle Ages. The male tribe came up with the idea of enslaving women to establish their dominance and this changed the face of the whole society.
Is gone. The man who took on the responsibility of making money handed over the responsibility of running the house to the women. With no opposition at the time it became a dungeon for women throughout the period after that. As a result, women are left with no choice but to succumb to the ideas of male ego, such as abortion, women’s education, child marriage, first child marriage, haircuts, and the prohibition of widowhood. After the death of her husband, the women who cut their hair and wrapped themselves in red and dreamed of the future lit a fire with the efforts of Phule and Curve. The orphanage started by Karveni in the village of Hingane near Pune and the Hingane Woman’s Institution which was later established provided new opportunities for widows and abandoned people to live. By then, however, a lot of water had reached under the bridge.
Changes in the arts are more useful to drive social change. The same is likely to happen in the case of women’s rights. Although Mahatma Phule started a girls’ school, it took decades for the real results to appear. In Marathi Musicals, which began in 1880, men were deliberately assigned the role of women. Moreover these plays were arranged so that the women could sit independently. Even in our ancient literature the idea of heaven gave a woman a job as a dancer. The female voice may be sweet from birth and the male voice may explode during adolescence. Hirabai Barodekar sang for the first time in a public concert in 1922, breaking the stalemate. Subsequent social changes took place more rapidly. The events that took place after the controversy between Lokmanya Tilak and Gopal Ganesh Agarkar over ‘Freedom first or before social reform’ made women aware of their rights in certain sections of society. Santabai Kirloskar, the editor of the ‘Stree’ magazine started by Lakshmana Rao Kirloskar, tried to strengthen equality by organizing ‘Haldikunku’ in Pune, which also included widows. The society seems to have woken up with the idea that there should be no widows on this occasion.
No woman has the desire to live as a slave. Today, however, not all women in rural areas of the country enjoy adequate freedom. There are restrictions on their dress, there are restrictions on their social life. He also refuses to communicate with strangers. Laws alone are not enough to change this situation. Discreet men should also take the initiative to stop the Kalba ritual by creating a new perspective on the rituals of the society. The village of Hervard took a step forward. The next fight is for everyone to fight as a community.
Lokmanus: Lokmanas Lokastha readers’ expectation to amend ‘279A’ after the result …
‘The beginning?’ I read this article (May 20) regarding the tax judgment on goods and services. With a noble intention for the overall economic development of the country, the states took a revolutionary step by amending Article 279A of the Constitution while maintaining a balance on their rights. But giving the Center a one-third vote in the Goods and Services Tax Council (GST Council) gave the Center a constitutional boost to arrears. A new chapter in the center-state conflict began with the rejection suppressing the voices of the states. With the implementation of GST, states have lost many of their right to levy taxes such as zakat. Autonomous self-governing bodies are running out of funds. After five years he will not receive any compensation from the Center. As a result, many states are likely to go bankrupt. The Supreme Court decision on the performance of the GST board, which has so far been governed by the Hum Kare So Act, is expected to be damaged. “Decisions made in the GST Council are not binding on the states. The right of states to legislate on economic matters will not be affected, “the apex court said in a statement. Abrupt halting of GST is not in the interest of the country or the states. It is also wrong to appeal this decision. Instead, I think it would be better to amend the constitution under Article 279A to reduce the central powers and bring the states into confidence. That is why all politicians must mature beyond partisan politics.
– Add. Pramod Dhokale, Mumbai
‘One system’ does not work
‘The beginning?’ Read this article (May 20). The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), which came to power on the pretext of developing a co-operative federal system, sought to undermine the roots of the federal system by enforcing the law. The law portrays states that depend on the center as becoming financially self-sufficient. It is in danger of weakening the federal system and turning the country into an individual system at the center. In this multilingual, multicultural, fragmented country it is not possible to run a state on any one particular principle. Within the Constitution, for the development of states, for inter-state competition, each state must be given the freedom to design and implement economic and business policies tailored to its needs. Therefore, the principle of ‘one country, one system’ does not apply everywhere. In this context the judgment of the Supreme Court that the Center and the States have the right to levy their own taxes is crucial in safeguarding the federal system.
Even in a presidential democracy, states can make different decisions. It is not difficult to build such capacity even in India ruled by a co-operative system.
– Hemant Sadanand Patil, Nalasopara
The center is arbitrary
‘The beginning?’ Read this article (May 20). The central government is a dictatorship, an open secret in today’s Indian democracy. Enforcement of the Goods and Services Tax Act has come to the fore. The central government implemented this law with a dictatorial attitude. In doing so, the states ruled by non-BJP parties in particular did not think big. The Supreme Court ruling is expected to thwart this arbitrariness. This is a sign that the end of this oppressive law is about to begin.
– Benjamin Kedarkar, (Virar)
They are afraid of amending the law regarding GST
The decision of the Supreme Court regarding the Goods and Services Tax Act is very important. The fact is that the present government makes politically favorable decisions through the institutions under its purview before the elections. However, there is no denying the possibility of the Center amending the Convenience Laws with a majority force to continue this huddle-happy policy.
– Ram Raje, Nagpur
Perseverance on the idea is important
‘Inactive ideology!’ Read this front page article (May 18). If ordinary voters do not think in ideological terms while voting .. the people should be said to be immature. This is certainly not appropriate from the point of view of a strong, healthy democracy, on the contrary it is more dangerous and therefore alarming. Ideologies, ideals or values are eternal, they are not written as secondary, in fact their perseverance should last forever! It does not matter if it is in vain but do not give up.
– Srikanth Ma. Jadhav, Satara
The health of the economy must be taken into account
The Lok Sabha (May 20) read, “Cylinder Hazare, Sensex depth, rupee hit new lows’, raising concerns over inflation. In fact, inflation is not limited to rising prices of goods and services. This raises questions about the health of the country’s economy. Therefore, any government should take inflation seriously. Inflation not only lowers the standard of living but also slows down the pace of savings by spending the entire income on daily necessities. The capital required for development may not be sufficient. This can have a negative impact on development. Due to low purchasing power, it is not possible to spend not only for better living standards but also for additional amenities. The goods produced do not increase. Obviously the product is not even inspired. Industrial development slows. There is no doubt that inflation is a major obstacle to national development. Energy inflation is having a severe impact on the economy. Rising fuel prices will increase transportation costs and production costs, from industrial raw materials to vegetables. As a result the prices of all manufactured goods go up. When oil prices rose in the international market during the Manmohan Singh regime, the government offered huge subsidies to control oil prices domestically, which was not good.
– H. Come on. Sarang, Latur
Suspicion on the character of Shambhaji Raje
Chhatrapati Sambhaji Raje is keen to get the Shiv Sena votes in his favor for the sixth seat in the Rajya Sabha. The BJP has fielded two candidates of its own. Hence the expectations on Shambhaji Raj from the parties in the coalition government especially from the Shiv Sena. But I will not join the BJP on the pretext of retail political controversy after the election, what is the guarantee? Maharashtra saw the situation of Chhatrapati’s second successor Udayan Raje Bhosale.
– Sudarshan Mohite, Jogeshwari (Mumbai)
Will there really be changes?
‘Congress on the brink of change!’ I read this article by Bhausaheb Azbe (May 19). The Congress, which once ruled the country unilaterally, is now in turmoil. The germ of the election is worrying the party. At a recent meditation camp, great sacrifices, discussions, activities, appeals took place, but that has now become the norm. Congress is still immersed in such ideal dreams. However, the fact is not realized. The leadership should also focus on reviving the activists, giving a place to the youth in the party structure and organizing various rallies and rallies to address the problems of the people. Democracy is needed to have a strong opposition in the country. It is important to note how much change actually takes place in the camp, what is achieved by it, and whether the changes are positive.
– Kunal Vishnu Umap, Ahmednagar
MNS is also a dynasty
The news read ‘Manvis office bearers announced’ (May 19). This shows that those who gave up the blue color of state development are finally continuing the dynastic tradition. On this occasion, the question arises as to what was the contribution of Raj’s son Amit Thackeray in the student movement. The movement stalwarts are ultimately activists. When Balasaheb Thackeray appointed Uddhav Thackeray as party chief, he faced allegations of heredity. Raj Thackeray has proved that MNS is no exception. In short, all the beads on the same floor!
– Add. Kishore Ramesh Samant, Bhainder
Is factionalism gross? , Children growing obesity adults nutritional increase ysh 95
The purpose of this book is to raise social awareness to prevent growing obesity in children. Instead of examining it the author Dr. This is an interview with Sanjay Borude.
Obesity is a common disease in adults. However, the disease has been on the rise in children for the past few years. There are many reasons for this, such as genetic problems, changing lifestyles, broken family policies and a nutritious environment for obesity. However, in the community, there is a great lack of awareness among parents. Obesity surgeon Dr. says that the problem of obesity in children is getting worse day by day. ‘Generation XL: Talking and Preventing Childhood Obesity in India’ by Sanjay Borude was published last month. Dr. Mumbaikar. Through this conversation with Bordeau, the subjectivity and mystery of the book are revealed.
What is the concept of the book?
I have a 14 year old son. He weighed 180 kilograms. Both the parents of the boy who lives in Mumbai are doing jobs. Go home to work and eat. At the age of six the boy weighed 100 kg. Those parents thought their child was having fun. So he never consulted a doctor. He had chest pain at the age of 14. He brought it to me due to heart disease. During this time he was reported to be suffering from other health problems. That is why she had to undergo bariatric surgery. It has been 17 years since this incident happened. He is now 31 years old and weighs 100 kg.
Zoya, an 11-month-old baby girl, underwent weight loss surgery in 2011 to raise some awareness among parents. Many parents began to bring up complaints about children who were obese. Childhood obesity has been on the rise for the past few years and according to a study by the World Health Organization, one in every five children in India is obese. Obesity in children is increasing not only due to genetic problems but also due to changes in behavior and lifestyle. Obesity is not diagnosed in a timely manner due to the perception that adolescents will lose weight.
The surrounding environment is also conducive to the development of obesity in children. This is especially true in cities. As the family environment in the city grows, the lifestyle of the parents is automatically coming to the children. Parents, the family system, the school, the community are all involved and this book is designed to remind you of these issues in a timely manner.
What do you read in the book?
It focuses on the ‘surgery’ of medical, psychological, behavioral, social consciousness and last but not least obesity. Obesity is a preventable disease in children. The book also provides guidelines on what obesity is in children, how to identify children with obesity, and how to identify the underlying causes. Obesity often causes abrupt changes in diet or exercise. But in children such sudden changes affect their heart, joints, hormones, metabolic system and so on. So it is wrong to take these steps. The book also provides detailed information on how it can be beneficial to take these steps under medical guidance.
Obesity is caused by genetic problems in children under ten. Children over the age of ten are at increased risk for obesity due to genetic and lifestyle factors. These babies also have hormonal problems due to genetic problems. High insulin resistance increases the risk of developing diabetes. There are many diseases associated with metabolism. To prevent this, a special section is written on what changes should be made in the diet and what kind of exercise should be done.
What does the book say about surgery?
There is no surgical way to lose weight – it is a last resort if all these measures do not work and weight gain is fatal. Nine out of 10 parts of the book are about obesity prevention and if it happens, it is about timely diagnosis, diet and exercise. Some conditions require surgery, especially to reduce the risk of obesity caused by certain genetic problems. This is said in the last part.
What is the nutritious environment for obesity?
A nutritious environment for obesity prefers foods that are harmful to obesity. In some families even the parents do not have a proper understanding of food. The trend is towards readymade foods rather than healthy foods. With parental awareness, children can develop good eating and exercise habits at home. But when a child goes to school, children are attracted to things that promote junk food or ready-made food, such as the school canteen and other children’s food in the classroom.
Suppose it is not the atmosphere at home and at school. But most people in the community are given junk food like chocolates and biscuits. Therefore, it explains why and how raising awareness about obesity and diet is increasing in the community. The problem of obesity is acute in cities. Some children in rural areas are obese. However there is a genetic problem behind this.
Is there a link between obesity and mental health?
Obesity and mental health of children are closely related. An 11 year old girl came to me for treatment. Her classmates teased her a lot because of her obesity. The girl committed suicide twice. She was obese. There are a lot of similar examples. It can lead to anemia in most children. Depression can also cause children to overeat. Then this endless cycle begins.
Psychological dependence is a major cause of obesity. Parents are not giving their children enough time because they are working. To compensate for this, parents fill their children with what they like to eat. The book also explains how to maintain a healthy relationship between children and parents. Parents often have the misconception that my child is obese and will lose weight by taking some sports classes when he is a teenager. But it is very difficult. It will also guide you on how to understand a child’s mindset and guide them toward good exercise habits, including diet.
Does the attitude of the parents matter?
Some parents also play a key role in keeping their child free of obesity. On the other hand, ‘My son is fat and needs surgery. Be thin ‘is the direct role of some parents. Being fat or obese does not mean that the baby is healthy. So it is not enough for my child to lose weight, it is necessary to change the attitude of parents towards how to stay healthy.
Who reads this book?
This book is for boy or girl, their parents, their teachers and their grandparents. That is why this book is written in a language that everyone can understand, not in a medical language. I have been writing this book for the last seven years. The book is based on ten to twelve years of experience in treating different children.
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