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First side: ‘shasta-chakra’ of women-centric policies

Smriti Irani (Union Minister for Women and Child Development)

Central government policies should be women-centered so that women’s issues or their status can be assessed based on accurate statistics. It also includes tests for diseases such as cancer in women, female feticide, time women spend on housework, and unemployment among them. Development is underway in the order of ‘Scale-Policies-Policies-Re-Scale from Implementation’.

Over the past decade, the government has achieved the motto ‘Sarvajan Hitaya, Sarvajan Sukhaya’. By broadening the meaning of public interest or public interest, gender-based development has been brought into the ‘mainstream’. Every aspect of governance today also thinks about women and this idea is not like a patch but it is integrated into the overall development thinking.

The current government considers gender based on a study that takes place before making policy decisions. This makes it possible to design policies that make women part of the mainstream. According to the National Food Security Act-2013, women must be identified as family heads when obtaining a ration card. The Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) lists one woman as the house owner and the Pradhan Mantri Ujwala Yojana (PMUY) lists one woman as the LPG gas connection holder. Such interventions will undoubtedly strengthen the access of women to financial resources, resulting in an increase in their social status, among other things.

Previously schemes like the ‘National Health Flight Scheme’, women inadvertently missed out on health care, in a way deviated from the same scheme, if not a man, the home would also be given ‘family’ status, and for ‘PM-Jay’ in the National Health Insurance Scheme a maximum of five members of the family The scheme will benefit ‘condition has been abolished. Due to such circumstances, women from large families have to miss out on health insurance services because men are preferred at home. This is what we have changed. In addition, PM-Jay offers a number of health benefit packages that are either women-centered or the same for both men and women. That is why more women than men are getting oncology services under the ‘PM-J’ scheme.

In less than a decade, the Modi government has done what the ruling party, which has been in power for almost half a century, cannot do. This government has not made women ‘invisible’, this government is fostering women’s power. The government is challenging gender inequality by handing over assets such as houses and LPG to women. It is not limited to policies, the government is establishing a gender based approach in data collection, surveys or other types of data collection.

For the first time under the current government, a ‘Time Use Survey’ conducted by the National Statistics Office in 2019 was conducted across the country. This survey puts our mothers and sisters at the forefront of their efforts in caring for their husbands and in home services – 7.2 hours a day! The average Indian man spends only 2.8 hours on this task. The survey found that the average Indian woman still spends a lot of time for home and family. Such surveys make it possible to examine policy reforms.

It may be mentioned here that in 1998 the National Democratic Alliance government led by the philosopher Atal Bihari Vajpayee conducted the first ‘Time Use Survey’ in six states; Now, time-consuming surveys have gained prominence in the world of policy discussion and have also been recognized by the Global Index Framework for the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UNG-SDG).

The National Family Health Survey (NFHS) is a general source of vital information on nutrition, fertility, family planning, maternal and child health, and a measure of India’s performance in achieving equitable health outcomes, especially for women. The selection of survey samples for ‘NFHS-4’ (2015-16) has also been updated in a comprehensive and systematic manner, in which statistical audits of all districts in the country are submitted. As a result, NFHS-4 yielded better results than the previous NFHS-3 (2005-06) national representative model. The district level model selection has made it easier to prioritize health care challenges and give the central government an idea of ​​where more is needed.

For the first time, NFHS-4 focused on the most common types of cancer in women. Subsequent NFHS-5 reports For the first time, women have been screened for cancer of the oral cavity, breast and cervix. The NFHS-4 and NFHS-5 surveys together provide a very broad view of the health status of Indian women. Videchi acts as an incomparable mine.

In a way, this government has restructured the statistical systems in the country. The idea is to count women accurately. There is a common saying in Statistics, Economics and Management that “what is measured is measured”. What this government knows and suggests is that the calculation is important because it provides the ultimate basis for policy formulation and resource allocation.

Recognizing this, the government has made the process of collecting vacancies gender-centric by examining the five-year employment and unemployment leave previously compiled by the National Sample Survey (NSS) initiative. The Quarterly and Annual ‘Periodic Labor Force Survey’ (PLFS), which collects unemployment and employment leave, now includes the ‘ratio of female workers to population’, ‘female worker participation rate’ and ‘female unemployment rate’. We are very proud. It includes statistics related to gender.

Under the auspices of the Home Ministry, the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) has begun collecting information on female abortions for the first time since 2014. While such statistics may seem bitter to some, the current government has resorted to this method with the idea that the calculations should be accurate and precise. By compiling these figures, the government has also stepped up its efforts through the ‘Save the Daughter, Educate the Daughter’ campaign. Calculating, measuring, calculating and comprehending the facts that come out of it is the first step to solving any problem or improving any situation. The government, on the one hand, generates a large number of gender-based advertisements through surveys or statistics obtained from the implementation of existing schemes and uses these advertisements to plan or improve. It is now the responsibility of individuals and groups in education, research and evaluation consultants to audit and evaluate such areas in a way that makes gender mainstream and women-centered development more mainstream in public policy.

2022-05-16 22:17:49

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