Description: Do you need sugar or ethanol?
India is expected to have 1.5 million tonnes of sugar this year.
While India is leading the way in ethanol production with record sugar production this year, it is commendable that five months ago it achieved the target of adding 10 per cent ethanol to fuel. Ethanol is mainly obtained from sugarcane, so sugar mills also need some benefit. India is the second largest exporter of sugar in the world after Brazil. This year, Brazil imposed restrictions on sugar exports and decided to use sugarcane to add 30 per cent ethanol to domestic fuel, giving India a huge opportunity to meet global sugar requirements. World sugar production is about 1708 lakh tonnes. India’s share is about 350 lakh tonnes. The annual requirement of the country is about 270 to 290 lakh tonnes. The share of domestic consumption is only 35-40 per cent. The remaining sugar is used in industrial products. India is expected to have 1.5 million tonnes of sugar this year. Meanwhile, the central government has sought to curb sugar prices by imposing a ban on exports. Also at the Sugar Conference in Pune, it was emphasized that the main objective of sugar mills in the future is to produce ethanol instead of sugar. In India, the government sets the price per tonne for sugarcane growers. Factories also have to pay the same amount. However, there is a risk that more money will fall into the hands of sugar mills and farmers as the government mediates the price of sugar in the market. Although ethanol is likely to become a major producer in the near future, Indian sugar will have to withdraw it despite high demand for sugar during times of global sugar shortage. When the chance of getting more than four paise comes, government policies get in the way, which is a long experience. Ethanol production protects the country from having to buy imported fuel and this is even more important to the country. India aims to blend 20% ethanol by 2025-26. Achieving this would save about Rs 30,000 crore on energy imports. A policy has been devised to focus on the production of ethanol from food grains and maize along with sugarcane. As the energy demand in the country and global fuel prices continue to rise, India has no choice but to produce ethanol. Sugarcane chips are domestically developed to produce many by-products such as biogas, biofuel, bio hydrogen, aircraft fuel, and biochemicals. However, since the sugar mills could not afford the machinery required for ethanol production, most mills were not interested in it. So the government needs to subsidize the factories more. A policy should be devised to produce more ethanol by promoting sugarcane cultivation in water-scarce states. It should be noted that otherwise heavy drinking water will have a severe impact on the country’s agriculture.
Web Title: India achieved ethanol blending target 5 months ahead of zws