Democracy in India Religious Democracy Constitutional Democratic Idea zws 70 | Pahili Baju …

Jayant Sinha

Chairman of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Economic Affairs and BJP MP

The republican system was ubiquitous in northern India during the time of the Buddha, but kings still relied on priests. There is evidence that Bhishma as well as Chanakya in the Mahabharata later emphasized the ‘Lokendri monarchy’. Gandhiji’s idea of ​​’Utopia’ and Dr. The path of enlightenment of the Buddha identified by Ambedkar is in line with the idea of ​​modern, constitutional democracy.

The Ukraine crisis has divided the world into two groups. On the one hand, the dictators who control the state system as well as the economy and the media are ruling their countries. On the other hand, there are democracies that give freedom to their people and guarantee freedom. During the Ukraine-conflict, India maintained a balance between the two groups to safeguard its national interests. Yet India is ahead of any other group because India’s democratic culture is deep and ancient, due to the roots of its civilization. We have developed our own distinct religious democracy. We value our freedom and always oppose tyranny.

Democracies around the world have emerged after thousands of years of experimentation, using a variety of regimes. Any well-organized democratic system operates on four main principles: a variety of inseparable human rights; The law of equality for all before the law; Creating a system of separation, control and balance of powers between the legislature, the executive and the judiciary; And accountability to the people. Each of these principles is very important, but the interrelated nature of these principles guarantees justice, liberty, equality and brotherhood.

India’s democratic system is not based on Western Enlightenment ideas, but on our ancient beliefs. On the Mount of Peace in the Mahabharata, Bhishma told Yudhisthira that in economics Chanakya repeated: “The happiness of the rulers is in the happiness of his people. What matters is not what the rulers like, but what the people like.” Let no one say that I have taken my philosophy from. I did not, my philosophy is rooted in religion (dhamma), not in political science. I took it from the teachings of my guru Buddha. “

Bhishma, The poor man, Utopia, Buddha

The first democratic principle of inseparable human rights flowed directly from the most important moral virtue of Indian civilization: non-violence or strict non-violence. Respect for all living beings inevitably leads to human rights, because the practice of non-violence gives everyone the freedom to live and worship as they please. Non-violence is therefore directly linked to the basic Western concept of ‘freedom’. Adherence to non-violence gives freedom to all because we cannot coerce anyone. Deprivation of one’s liberty is an act of violence and therefore contrary to the principle of non-violence. In particular, in the original copy of the Constitution, the third part, dealing with fundamental rights, was opened with the image of Lord Rama along with Sita and Lakshmana – a clear indication of true democracy, the ideal of the utopia!

Moreover, in world cultures, Indian civilization is unique because it is based on freedom of thought and belief system. ‘Ekam sat vipra bahudha vadanthi’ is one of the most famous lines in the Rig Veda, that is, ‘Truth is one (one), sages call it by many names. Everyone can pursue eternal truth in their own way – in fact, the range of choices that any person makes to live will shape his karma and lead to salvation; Because every person wants to find his own salvation or redemption. To this end, the Bhagavad Gita gives guidance on how individuals should explore their rights and duties, how to exercise their free will and how to manage themselves. Accordingly we always celebrate diversity and hate bigotry.

Monarchy in the post-independence period

Our unwavering commitment to the second principle of democracy is evident in our religious traditions, especially in our commitment to the monarchy! We are commanded to follow the religion of all, rich and poor, weak and strong. Kautilya economics says: “If the king uses his power impartially and with the proper evaluation of the merits of his son or foe and their merits and their merits and their merits, then both this world and the hereafter (king) will get it. Administers justice according to (established law), institution (customary law), justice (declarative law) and practice (testimony, conduct).

The third principle of democracy – Indian society has always believed in the separation of powers. The ancient Indian kingdoms generally relied on the assemblies of emperors or other rulers of the then monarchy to verify and approve their decisions. Historical research indicates that most parts of northern India were republics throughout the Buddhist period. Moreover, priests have had a significant influence on the behavior and decisions of emperors in Indian history. Thus, feudal power is subject not only to ‘monarchy’, but also to the control and balance of priests and scholars (priests). The judiciary was well established in Indian society in ancient times as well as in the Middle Ages and modern times. Chanakya discusses the judiciary in sections three and four of ‘Economics’, which describe how civil and criminal law is governed by magistrates and judges.

Not publicity, True

Finally, transparency and accountability are key features of a democratic system. In our current constitutional system, it is enforced by the legislature, periodic elections and the conscious media. As stated in the Mundak Upanishad, our ancient wisdom has always emphasized the importance of truth: Satyameva Jayate ‘-‘ Truth wins’. Those with executive powers have to tell the truth about their actions. They want to meet the needs of the people in a real sense, not to use false information to perpetuate their rule. Religion wants truth, not propaganda.

India has always adhered to the eternal values ​​of non-violence and religion. The two are connected by the sentence ‘Ahimsa Paramo Dharma’ in the Bhagavad Gita. In this way our civilized heritage will guide human morality and religious democracy. As the world splits into anti-apartheid groups, non-violence and religion will push India to become a beacon for pluralism and democracy.

2022-05-09 21:54:00

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